Here you are: IMGT Web resources > IMGT Repertoire (IG and TR) > 1. Locus and genes
Citing this page: Scaviner, D. and Lefranc, M.-P., Exp. Clin. Immunogenet., 17, 83-96 (2000) PMID: 10810225 pdf UPDATE: Human TRAV (07/2003)

"+" or "-" indicates if the gene sequences have been found (+) or not been found (-) rearranged (R), transcribed (T) and/or translated into protein (Pr). Arbitrarily that information is shown on the first line of each gene when the data have been confirmed by several studies.

Functionality is shown between parentheses, (F) and (P), when the accession number refers to rearranged genomic DNA or cDNA and the corresponding germline gene has not yet been isolated.
Functionality is shown between brackets, [F] and [P], when the accession number refers to genomic DNA, but not known as being germline or rearranged.

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Rearranged (R) and transcribed (T) information are from Assignment of rearranged cDNAs and gDNAs to germline genes: Human TRAV.

Since the TRD locus is embedded in the TRA locus (The T cell receptor FactsBook), a few TRAV genes have been found rearranged, not only as expected to TRAJ but also to TRDD-TRDJ genes. The first five Homo sapiens TRAV genes found in that case received the designation TRAV/DV (this does not exclude that other TRAV genes may be found occasionally rearranged to TRDD-TRDJ). They include Homo sapiens TRAV14/DV4, TRAV29/DV5, TRAV23/DV6, TRAV36/DV7 and TRAV38-2/DV8 genes.

The "invariant" TR alpha chain of the human CD161+ T cells which recognize CD1d results f rom the TRAV10-TRAJ18 (previously Valpha24-JalphaQ) rearrangement. CD161 is expressed by ~15% of human T cells but only a very small fraction of these CD161+ T cells are invariant NK T cells (<0,1 % of total T cells and <1% of CD161+ T cells in most donors) [Exley, M.A. et al., Current Protocols in Immunology, Wiley, J. and Sons, New York, 14, 14.11.1-14.11.13 (2002)].

IMGT subgroup IMGT gene name IMGT allele name Fct Chromosomal localization Alpha Delta Positions in the locus IMGT/LIGM-DB reference sequences IMGT/LIGM-DB sequences from the literature
R T Pr R T Pr Clone names Accession numbers Positions in the sequence (from INIT-CODON to the end of the V-REGION) Secondary accession numbers Clone names Accession numbers Positions in the sequence (from INIT-CODON to the end of the V-REGION)
TRAV1 TRAV1-1 TRAV1-1*01 F 14q11.2 + + 100000-140000 V1S1 MAP AE000658 [40] 127701-128364 M12070 [21] #g
TRAV1-1*02 (F) 14q11.2 + + Valpha7.1 X04939 [1] #c AV7S1 L11161 [35] (12) °
TRAV1-2 TRAV1-2*01 F 14q11.2 + + 145000-150000 V1S2 MAP AE000658 [40] 148837-149450 Valpha7 X58744 [15] (3) #c
TRAV1-2*02 [F] 14q11.2 AV7S2 U32544 [38] (29) °
TRAV2 TRAV2 TRAV2*01 F 14q11.2 + + 210000-225000 V2S1 MAP AE000658 [40] 218198-218710 Valpha11.1 X04936 [1] #c
AV11S1 U32522 [38] (17) °
TRAV2*02 (F) 14q11.2 + + Valpha11.1 MAP M17659 [7] #c
TRAV3 TRAV3 TRAV3*01 F 14q11.2 + + 225001-235000 V3S1 MAP AE000658 [40] 229780-230212 Valpha1.6 MAP M17651 [7] #c
AV16S1 U32525 [38] (22) °
TRAV3*02 (P) (1) 14q11.2 + + Valpha16.1 MAP M27377 [13] #c
TRAV4 TRAV4 TRAV4*01 F 14q11.2 + + 240000-250000 V4S1 MAP AE000658 [40] 242145-242908 Valpha16.1 MAP M17663 [7] #c
AV20S1 U32529 [38] (18) °
TRAV5 TRAV5 TRAV5*01 F 14q11.2 + + 1- 15000 V5S1 MAP AE000659 [40] 4647-5162 Valpha15.1 MAP M27376 [13] #c
TRAV6 TRAV6 TRAV6*01 F 14q11.2 20000-30000 V6S1 MAP AE000659 [40] 23966-24493
TRAV6*02 (F) 14q11.2 + + Valpha5 X58747 [15] (3) #c
TRAV6*03 [F] 14q11.2 + + AV5S1 MAP Z49060 [16] (7) °
TRAV6*04 [F] 14q11.2 AV5S1 Y10409 [17] (7) °
TRAV6*05 [F] 14q11.2 AV5S1 Y10410 [17] (7) °
TRAV6*06 [F] 14q11.2 AV5S1 U32542 [38] (28) °
TRAV7 TRAV7 TRAV7*01 F 14q11.2 35000-40000 V7S1 MAP AE000659 [40] 38383-38893
TRAV8 TRAV8-1 TRAV8-1*01 F 14q11.2 + + 45000-60000 V8S1 MAP AE000659 [40] 52764-53231 Valpha1.1 X04949 [1] #c
TRAV8-1*02 [F] 14q11.2 AV1S1 U32520 [38] (15) °
TRAV8-2 TRAV8-2*01 F 14q11.2 100000-105000 V8S2 MAP AE000659 [40] 102117-102576
TRAV8-2*02 (F) 14q11.2 + + Valpha1.5 MAP M17650 [7] #c
TRAV8-3 TRAV8-3*01 F 14q11.2 105001-110000 V8S3 MAP AE000659 [40] 107908-108356
TRAV8-3*02 (F) 14q11.2 + + Valpha1.4 MAP M35617 [10] #g
TRAV8-3*03 (F) 14q11.2 + + Valpha1.n1 L06885 [11] (3) #c
TRAV8-4 TRAV8-4*01 F 14q11.2 + + 149000-154000 V8S4 MAP AE000659 [40] 149914-150383 X02592 [2] #c
TRAV8-4*02 (F) 14q11.2 + + M12423 [3] #c
TRAV8-4*03 (F) 14q11.2 + + AV1.2a D13077 [4] (3) #c
TRAV8-4*04 (F) 14q11.2 + + M12959 [2] #c
TRAV8-4*05 (F) 14q11.2 + + Valpha1.2 X63455 [5] #c
TRAV8-4*06 (F) 14q11.2 + + K02777 [6] (4) #c
TRAV8-4*07 (F) 14q11.2 + + Valpha1.2 MAP M17665 [7] (5) #c
TRAV8-5 TRAV8-5*01 P 14q11.2 156000-160000 V8S5 MAP AE000659 [40] 158430-159951
TRAV8-6 TRAV8-6*01 F 14q11.2 + + ValphapY14.2 MAP X02850 [8]
TRAV8-6*02 F 14q11.2 + + 230000-235000 V8S6 MAP AE000659 [40] 234092-234533 Valpha1.3 M86361 [9] #c
TRAV8-7 TRAV8-7*01 ORF (38) 14q11.2 135000-140000 V8S7 MAP AE000660 [40] 136547-137028
TRAV9 TRAV9-1 TRAV9-1*01 F 14q11.2 63000-70000 V9S1 MAP AE000659 [40] 66847-67322
TRAV9-2 TRAV9-2*01 F 14q11.2 + + 195000-200000 V9S2 MAP AE000659 [40] 196542-197021 AV22.1a D13072 [4] #c
TRAV9-2*02 (F) 14q11.2 + + Valpha22 X58745 [15] (3) #c AV22S1 U32530 [38] (19) °
TRAV9-2*03 (F) 14q11.2 + + Valpha22n1 L06881 [11] (3) #c
TRAV9-2*04 (F) 14q11.2 + + Valpha22n2 L06882 [11] (3) #c
TRAV10 TRAV10 TRAV10*01 F 14q11.2 + + 75000-83000 V10S1 MAP AE000659 [40] 80845-81412 Valphaw24 X58737 [15] (3) #c
AV24S1 U32532 [38] (23) °
TRAV11 TRAV11 TRAV11*01 P (36) 14q11.2 83001-88000 V11S1 MAP AE000659 [40] 84855-85396
TRAV12 TRAV12-1 TRAV12-1*01 F 14q11.2 + + 93000-98000 V12S1 MAP AE000659 [40] 96598-97129 AV2.5a D13078 [4] (3) #c
TRAV12-1*02 (F) 14q11.2 + + Valpha2.3 MAP M17657 [7] #c
TRAV12-2 TRAV12-2*01 F 14q11.2 + + 140000-145000 V12S2 MAP AE000659 [40] 143315-143855 Valpha2.2 MAP M27369 [13] (6) #c
TRAV12-2*02 (F) 14q11.2 + + Valpha2.1 M81774 [12] #c AV2S1 L11159 [35] (11) °
TRAV12-2*03 (F) 14q11.2 + + Valpha2.1 X04946 [1] (6) #c
TRAV12-3 TRAV12-3*01 F 14q11.2 + + 220000-225000 V12S3 MAP AE000659 [40] 220909-221463 X06193 [14]
AV2S4 U32538 [38] (25) °
TRAV12-3*02 (F) 14q11.2 + + Valpha2.2 MAP M17656 [7] #c
TRAV13 TRAV13-1 TRAV13-1*01 F 14q11.2 + + 122000-126000 V13S1 MAP AE000659 [40] 124216-124719 AV8.1a D13079 [4] (3) #c
M99570 [37] (14)
TRAV13-1*02 (F) 14q11.2 + + Valpha8.1 X04954 [1] #c
TRAV13-1*03 [F] 14q11.2 AV8S1 L11162 [35] (24) °
TRAV13-2 TRAV13-2*01 F 14q11.2 + + 170000-175000 V13S2 MAP AE000659 [40] 173606-174104 Valpha8.2 X04956 [1] #c
AV8S2 U32545 [38] (11) °
TRAV13-2*02 (F) 14q11.2 + + Valpha8.2 MAP M17658 [7] #c
TRAV14 TRAV14/DV4 TRAV14/DV4*01 F 14q11.2 + + + + M21626 [18]
TRAV14/DV4*02 F 14q11.2 + + 178000-183000 hADV14S1 MAP AE000659 [40] 179487-180000 S51029 [20] (8) #c
TRAV14/DV4*03 (F) 14q11.2 + + M21624 [18] #c
TRAV14/DV4*04 [F] 14q11.2 + + AV06S1 L09758 [19] (37) °
TRAV15 TRAV15 TRAV15*01 P (31) 14q11.2 204000-207000 V15S1 MAP AE000659 [40] 205507-206050
TRAV16 TRAV16 TRAV16*01 F 14q11.2 + + 245000-250000 V16S1 MAP AE000659 [40] 245908-246350 Valpha9.1 X04942 [1] #c
AV9S1 U32546 [38] (20) °
TRAV17 TRAV17 TRAV17*01 F 14q11.2 + + 1-5000 V17S1 MAP AE000660 [40] 1957-2439 Valpha3.1 X04955 [1] #c
AV3S1 U32540 [38] (26) °
TRAV18 TRAV18 TRAV18*01 F 14q11.2 5001-10000 V18S1 MAP AE000660 [40] 7482-7944
TRAV19 TRAV19 TRAV19*01 F 14q11.2 + + + 10001-15000 V19S1 MAP AE000660 [40] 11900-12452 X01403 [22] #c
E4 Z46641 [29] (35) #g
TRAV20 TRAV20 TRAV20*01 F 14q11.2 43000-48000 V20S1 MAP AE000660 [40] 44941-45431
TRAV20*02 (F) 14q11.2 + + X68696 [32] (3) #c
TRAV20*03 (F) 14q11.2 + + Valpha28.2 S60789 [33] (10) #c
TRAV20*04 (F) 14q11.2 + + Valphaw30 X70305 [26] (3) #c
TRAV21 TRAV21 TRAV21*01 F 14q11.2 53000-58000 V21S1 MAP AE000660 [40] 56812-57347
TRAV21*02 (F) 14q11.2 + + Valphaw23 X58736 [15] (3) #c
TRAV22 TRAV22 TRAV22*01 F 14q11.2 + + 72000-77000 V22S1 MAP AE000660 [40] 74985-75503 Valpha13.1 MAP M27374 [13] #c
TRAV23 TRAV23/DV6 TRAV23/DV6*01 F 14q11.2 + + 88000-93000 hADV23S1 MAP AE000660 [40] 90761-91270 Valpha17b X70309 [26] (3) #c
Valpha13.1 MAP M22936 [36] (13,39)
AV17S1 U32526 [38] (20) °
TRAV23/DV6*02 (F) 14q11.2 + + Valpha13.1 MAP M17660 [7] #c Valpha13.1 MAP M22936 [36] (13,39)
TRAV23/DV6*03 (F) 14q11.2 + + Valpha17.1-V M97704 [27] #c AV17S1 MAP Z49057 [16] (9) °
TRAV23/DV6*04 [F] 14q11.2 Y10411 [17] (9) °
TRAV24 TRAV24 TRAV24*01 F 14q11.2 + + 108000-112000 V24S1 MAP AE000660 [40] 109652-110155
TRAV24*02 (F) 14q11.2 Valpha14.1 MAP M17661 [7] #c
TRAV25 TRAV25 TRAV25*01 F 14q11.2 + + 112001-120000 V25S1 MAP AE000660 [40] 116408-117016 Valpha30 M64350 [24] #c
TRAV26 TRAV26-1 TRAV26-1*01 F 14q11.2 + + 125000-130000 V26S1 MAP AE000660 [40] 127517-128275 Valpha4.2 M27370 [13] #c
TRAV26-1*02 (F) 14q11.2 + + Valpha4.2 MAP M27371 [13] #c AV4S2 U32541 [38] (27) °
TRAV26-1*03 (F) 14q11.2 + + Valpha4.n1 L06886 [11] (3) #c
TRAV26-2 TRAV26-2*01 F 14q11.2 + + 204000-208000 V26S2 MAP AE000660 [40] 206509-207294 Valpha4.1 X04937 [1] #c
TRAV26-2*02 [F] 14q11.2 AV4S1 L11160 [35] (11) °
TRAV27 TRAV27 TRAV27*01 F 14q11.2 + + 150000-155000 V27S1 MAP AE000660 [40] 152078-152619 AV10S2 L09760 [19] (9) °
AV10S1 U32521 [38] (16,39) °
TRAV27*02 (F) 14q11.2 + + AV10.1 X04957 [1] #c
TRAV27*03 (F) 14q11.2 + + Valpha10.1a D13075 [4] (3) #c AV10S1 U32521 [38] (16,39) °
AV10S2 L09759 [19] (9)
TRAV28 TRAV28 TRAV28*01 P (32) 14q11.2 156000-161000 V28S1 MAP AE000660 [40] 159044-159603
TRAV29 TRAV29/DV5 TRAV29/DV5*01 F 14q11.2 + + + + 165000-170000 hADV29S1 MAP AE000660 [40] 167277-167798 M15565 [30] #c
TRAV29/DV5*02 F (41) 14q11.2 Valpha21a MAP S81645 [28] (st) 96-453
TRAV29/DV5*03 P (2) 14q11.2 Valpha21c MAP AJ245565 [28] 139-659
TRAV30 TRAV30 TRAV30*01 F 14q11.2 + + + 170001-175000 V30S1 MAP AE000660 [40] 172357-172916 S63879 [31] #g
E5 Z46642 [29] (35) #g
TRAV30*02 (F) 14q11.2 + + Valphaw29 X58768 [15] (3) #c
TRAV30*03 (F) 14q11.2 + + Valphaw29.n1 L06883 [11] (3) #c
TRAV30*04 [F] 14q11.2 AV29S1 U32537 [38] (24) °
TRAV31 TRAV31 TRAV31*01 P (31) 14q11.2 180000-185000 V31S1 MAP AE000660 [40] 181202-181793
TRAV32 TRAV32 TRAV32*01 P (31) 14q11.2 188000-192000 V32S1 MAP AE000660 [40] 189490-189985
TRAV33 TRAV33 TRAV33*01 P (33) 14q11.2 192001-197000 V33S1 MAP AE000660 [40] 194084-194640
TRAV34 TRAV34 TRAV34*01 F 14q11.2 + + 210000-215000 V34S1 MAP AE000660 [40] 211462-212057 Valphaw26 X58739 [15] (3) #c
AV26S1 U32534 [38] (23) °
TRAV35 TRAV35 TRAV35*01 F 14q11.2 222000-227000 V35S1 MAP AE000660 [40] 225824-226403
TRAV35*02 (F) 14q11.2 + + Valphaw25 X58738 [15] (3) #c AV25S1 U32533 [38] (20) °
TRAV36 TRAV36/DV7 TRAV36/DV7*01 F 14q11.2 230000-235000 hADV36S1 MAP AE000660 [40] 230689-231181
TRAV36/DV7*02 (F) 14q11.2 + + Valphaw28 X61070 [15] #c
TRAV36/DV7*03 (F) 14q11.2 + + Valphaw28 X58767 [15] (3) #c
TRAV36/DV7*04 (F) 14q11.2 + + Vdelta7 Z46643 [29] (3) #c AV28S1 U32536 [38] (19) °
TRAV37 TRAV37 TRAV37*01 P (34) 14q11.2 16000-21000 V37S1 MAP AE000661 [40] 18598-20022
TRAV38 TRAV38-1 TRAV38-1*01 F 14q11.2 + + 22000-26000 V38S1 MAP AE000661 [40] 24820-25412 Valpha14.1a D13074 [4] (3) #c
TRAV38-1*02 (F) 14q11.2 + + VA14.2 M64355 [24] (3) #c
TRAV38-1*03 (F) 14q11.2 + + M95394 [25] #c
TRAV38-1*04 (F) 14q11.2 + + Valpha14.n1 L06880 [11] (3) #c
TRAV38-2/DV8 TRAV38-2/DV8*01 F 14q11.2 + + + 33000-37000 hADV38S2 MAP AE000661 [40] 34000-34597 Valpha14.1 Z29614 [23] #c
TRAV38-2/DV8*02 F 14q11.2 + + + 33000-37000 hADV38S2 MAP AE000661 [40] 34000-34597 Vdelta8 Z46644 [29] #g
TRAV38-2/DV8*03 F 14q11.2 + + + 33000-37000 hADV38S2 MAP AE000661 [40] 34000-34597 AV14S1 U32524 [38] (18) °
TRAV38-2/DV8*04 F 14q11.2 + + + 33000-37000 hADV38S2 MAP AE000661 [40] 34000-34597 Valpha14.2 X58158 [39] (30)
TRAV39 TRAV39 TRAV39*01 F 14q11.2 + + 55000-60000 V39S1 MAP AE000661 [40] 56905-57404 Valphaw27 X58740 [15] (3) #c
TRAV40 TRAV40 TRAV40*01 F 14q11.2 65000-70000 (40) Valpha31 X73521 [34] V40S1 MAP AE000661 [40] 67888-68317
TRAV41 TRAV41 TRAV41*01 F 14q11.2 + + 70000-75000 V41S1 MAP AE000661 [40] 73586-74089 Valpha15.1 M17662 [7] #c
AV19S1 U32528 [38] (21) °

#c: rearranged cDNA, #g: rearranged genomic DNA.
°: DNA genomic sequence, but not known to be rearranged or germline.

IMGT notes:
  1. (1) DELETION of one nucleotide in FR1-IMGT (c20>del#), leading to a frameshift.
  2. (2) DELETION of one nucleotide leading to a frameshift.
  3. (3) CDR3-IMGT is partial: only amino acid 105 is present.
  4. (4) Due to several sequencing errors between nucleotides 1 and 30, this part of the sequence is not annotated and FR1-IMGT and CDR1-IMGT have not been assigned. As a consequence, V-REGION is partial.
  5. (5) V-REGION is partial: AA 1 to 28 are missing (no FR1-IMGT, and partial CDR1-IMGT).
  6. (6) V-REGION is partial: AA 1 to 8 are missing (partial FR1-IMGT).
  7. (7) V-REGION is partial: AA 1 to 8 are missing (partial FR1-IMGT), and only amino acid 105 is present ( partial CDR3-IMGT).
  8. (8) Rearranged CDR3-IMGT is partial.
  9. (9) V-REGION is partial: AA 1 is missing (partial FR1-IMGT), and no CDR3-IMGT.
  10. (10) V-REGION is partial: no CDR3-IMGT.
  11. (11) V-REGION is partial: AA 89 to 104 are missing (partial FR3-IMGT), and no CDR3-IMGT.
  12. (12) V-REGION is partial: AA 96 to 104 are missing (partial FR3-IMGT), and no CDR3-IMGT.
  13. (13) V-REGION is partial: AA 1 to 42 are missing (part ial FR2-IMGT), and no FR1-IMGT.
  14. (14) V-REGION is partial: AA 1 is missing (partial FR1-IMGT), and only amino acid 105 is present (CDR3-IMGT partial).
  15. (15) V-REGION is partial: AA 97 to 104 are missing (partial FR3-IMGT), and no CDR3-IMGT.
  16. (16) V-REGION is partial: AA 79 to 104 are missing (partial FR3-IMGT), and no CDR3-IMGT.
  17. (17) V-REGION is partial: AA 68 to 104 are missing (partial FR3-IMGT), and no CDR3-IMGT.
  18. (18) V-REGION is partial: AA 56 to 104 are missing (partial CDR2-IMGT), no FR3-IMGT and no CDR3-IMGT.
  19. (19) V-REGION is partial: AA 100 to 104 are missing (partial FR3-IMGT), and no CDR3-IMGT.
  20. (20) V-REGION is partial: AA 97 to 104 are missing (partial FR3-IMGT), and no CDR3-IMGT.
  21. (21) V-REGION is partial: AA 85 to 104 are missing (partial FR3-IMGT), and no CDR3-IMGT.
  22. (22) V-REGION is partial: AA 101 to 104 are missing (partial FR3-IMGT), and no CDR3-IMGT.
  23. (23) V-REGION is partial: AA 94 to 104 are missing (partial FR3-IMGT), and no CDR3-IMGT.
  24. (24) V-REGION is partial: AA 93 to 104 are missing (partial FR3-IMGT), and no CDR3-IMGT.
  25. (25) V-REGION is partial: AA 84 to 104 are missing (partial FR3-IMGT), and no CDR3-IMGT.
  26. (26) V-REGION is partial: AA 81 to 104 are missing (partial FR3-IMGT), and no CDR3-IMGT.
  27. (27) V-REGION is partial: AA 84cto 104 are missing (partial FR3-IMGT), and no CDR3-IMGT.
  28. (28) V-REGION is partial: AA 87 to 104 are missing (partial FR3-IMGT), and no CDR3-IMGT.
  29. (29) V-REGION is partial: AA 78 to 104 are missing (partial FR3-IMGT), and no CDR3-IMGT.
  30. (30) V-REGION is partial: AA 59 to 104 are missing (partial CDR2-IMGT), no FR3-IMGT, and no CDR3-IMGT.
  31. (31) Frameshifts in V-REGION.
  32. (32) Frameshift in FR3-IMGT.
  33. (33) STOP-CODON in V-REGION.
  34. (34) Frameshift in CDR1-IMGT.
  35. (35) TRAV19 (Z46641) and TRAV30 (Z46642) have been found rearranged to TRDD3 [29]. However the authors could not test their expression on the cell surface and did not give them a DV nomenclature.
  36. (36) No INIT-CODON , ATG replaced by ACG.
  37. (37) V-REGION is partial: AA 1 is missing (partial FR1-IMGT), and AA 104 is missing (partial FR3-IMGT, and no CDR3-IMGT).
  38. (38) ORF due to an unusual V-HEPTAMER sequence (GACAGTG instead of CACAGTG). The heptamer defect is due to the insertion of 6 nucleotides GGAGGA in the V-HEPTAMER (D. Scaviner, M-P. Lefranc, 11/01/2002). This insertion explains that the V-REGION is longer in 3'. We were waiting for more published data to confirm our observation. However, since there are still no rearranged TRAV8-7 sequences, and following a query from Lindsay Grey Cowell (11/07/2003), this sequence first decribed as functional in the "T cell Receptor FactsBook" is now considered as ORF.
  39. (39) Partial sequences which could not be assigned to a given allele.
  40. (40) Positions in the locus (V-GENE) are those in the Accession number AE000661.
  41. (41) This gene is a sterile transcript. It has been found with a leader L region and a germline V region. L-V-sequence is in germline configuration.
IMGT references:
  1. [1] Yoshikai Y. et al., J. Exp. Med., 164, 90-103 (1986). PMID: 3088203
  2. [2] Rabbitts T.H. et al., EMBO J., 4, 1461-1465 (1985). PMID: 3875483
  3. [3] Yanagi Y. et al., Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA, 82, 3430-3434 (1985). PMID: 3873654
  4. [4] Obata F. et al., Immunogenetics, 38, 67-70 (1993). PMID: 8462998
  5. [5] Hewitt C.R. et al., J. Exp. Med., 175, 1493-1499 (1992). PMID: 1588277
  6. [6] Croce C.M. et al., Science, 227, 1044-1047 (1985). PMID: 3919442
  7. [7] Klein M.H. et al., Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA, 84, 6884-6888 (1987). PMID: 3502713
  8. [8] Yoshikai Y. et al., Nature, 316, 837-840 (1985). PMID: 2993909
  9. [9] Korthäuer U. et al., Scand. J. Immunol., 36, 855-863 (1992). PMID: 1361078
  10. [10] Baer R. et al., EMBO J., 7, 1661-1668 (1988). PMID: 2971534
  11. [11] Santamaria P. et al., Immunogenetics, 38, 163 (1993). PMID: 8482581
  12. [12] Sensi M. et al., Melanoma Res., 1, 261-271 (1991). PMID: 1668534
  13. [13] Kimura N. et al., Eur. J. Immunol., 17, 375-383 (1987). PMID: 3494611
  14. [14] Luria S. et al., EMBO J., 6, 3307-3312 (1987). PMID: 3501368
  15. [15] Roman-Roman S. et al., Eur. J. Immunol., 21, 927-933 (1991). PMID: 1826888
  16. [16] Ibberson M.R. et al., Genomics, 28, 131-139 (1995). PMID: 8530018
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See also (IMGT Scientific chart):