IMGT®, the international ImMunoGeneTics information system®

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Citing IMGT/3Dstructure-DB:
Kaas Q., Ruiz M., Lefranc M.-P., Nucleic Acids Res., 32(S1):D208-D210 (2004). DOI:10.1093/nar/gkh042. PMID:14681396. pdf
Ehrenmann F., Kaas Q., Lefranc M.-P., Nucleic Acids Res., 38(S1):D301-D307 (2010). DOI:10.1093/nar/gkp946. PMID:19900967. pdf
Program version:
4.12.4 (2022-06-03)
IMGT/3Dstructure-DB contact analysis (IMGT Aide-mémoire)
IMGT/3Dstructure-DB FAQ Frequently Asked Questions


The first gene identification of the human IG proteins were carried out during a stay in the Laboratoire d'ImmunoGénétique Moléculaire, IGH, CNRS, Montpellier, France, by Dr. Gunilla Norhagen and Dr. Per-Erik Engstrom (May 1998) from the Huddinge University Hospital, Karolinska Institute, Huddinge, Sweden, Dr. Oksana Kravchuk (April-May 1999) from the Research Centre for Medical Genetics, Russian Academy of Medical Science, Moscow, Russia, and Dr. Olga Posukh (April-July 1999, July-October 2000) from the Institute of Cytology and Genetics, Siberian Branch of the Russian Academy of Science, Novosibirsk, Russia.


[1] Kaas, Q., Lefranc, M.-P. (2004) IMGT/3Dstructure-DB and IMGT/StructuralQuery, a database and a tool for immunoglobulin, T cell receptor and MHC structural data. Nucleic Acid Res., 32, D208-D210. PMID:14681396
[2] Ehrenmann F., Kaas Q. and Lefranc M.-P. (2010) IMGT/3Dstructure-DB and IMGT/DomainGapAlign: a database and a tool for immunoglobulins or antibodies, T cell receptors, MHC, IgSF and MhcSF. Nucleic Acid Res., 38, D301-D307. PMID:19900967
[3] Kaas, Q. and Lefranc, M.-P., IMGT/StructuralQuery : a tool for structural data analysis of immunoglobulin and T cell receptor variable domains, ECCB 2003
[4] Kaas, Q. and Lefranc, M.-P., IMGT/3Dstructure-DB for immunoglobulin, T cell receptor and MHC structural data, ECCB 2002
[5] Ruiz, M., Analyse bioinformatique standardisée IMGT des relations séquence-structure des immunoglobulines et des récepteurs T, Thèse de doctorat, Université Montpellier II, 2001
[6] Kaas, Q., Analyse structurale des recepteurs d'antigenes dans imgt et modelisation moleculaire, Thèse de doctorat, Université Montpellier II, 2005
[7] Ruiz, M. and Lefranc, M.-P., (2002) IMGT gene identification and Colliers de Perles of human immunoglobulins with known 3D structures. Immunogenetics, 53, 857-883. PMID:11862387,
[8] Kaas, Q. and Lefranc M.-P. (2005) T cell receptor/peptide/MHC molecular characterization and standardized pMHC contact sites in IMGT/3Dstructure-DB. In Silico Biology 5:0046
[9] Giudicelli, V. and Lefranc M.-P. (1999) Ontology for immunogenetics: the IMGT-ONTOLOGY. Bioinformatics 15:1047-1054
[10] Lefranc, M.-P. , Giudicelli, V., Ginestoux, C., Bosc, N., Folch, G., Guiraudou, D., Jabado-Michaloud, J., Magris, S., Scaviner, D., Thouvenin, V., Combres, K., Girod, D., Jeanjean, S., Protat, C., Yousfi-Monod, M., Duprat, E., Kaas, Q., Pommie, C., Chaume, D. and Lefranc G., IMGT-ONTOLOGY for immunogenetics and immunoinformatics, In Silico Biology 4:17-29
[11] Lefranc, M.-P., Clement, O., Kaas, Q., Duprat, E., Chastellan, P., Coelho, I., Combres, K., Ginestoux, C., Giudicelli, V., Chaume, D. and Lefranc G., IMGT-Choreography for Immunogenetics and Immunoinformatics. In Silico Biology 5:45-60 (2005).
[12] Lefranc, M.-P., Pommié, C., Ruiz, M., Giudicelli, V., Foulquier, E., Truong, L., Thouvenin-Contet, V. and Lefranc G., IMGT unique numbering for immunoglobulin and T cell receptor variable domains and Ig superfamily V-like domains, Dev Comp Immunol 27:55-77 (2003). PMID:12477501
[13] Lefranc, M.-P., Pommié, C., Kaas, Q., Duprat, E., Bosc, N., Guiraudou, D., Jean, C., Ruiz, M., Da Piedade, L., Rouard, M., Foulquier, E., Thouvenin, V. and Lefranc G., IMGT unique numbering for immunoglobulin and T cell receptor constant domains and Ig superfamily C-like domains, Dev Comp Immunol 29:185-203 (2005). PMID:15572068
[14] Lefranc, M.-P., Duprat, E., Kaas, Q., Tranne, M., Thiriot, A. and Lefranc G., IMGT unique numbering for MHC groove G-DOMAIN and MHC superfamily MhcSF G-LIKE-DOMAIN, Dev Comp Immunol 29:917-938 (2005). PMID:15936075
IMGT/3Dstructure-DB and IMGT/2Dstructure-DB development:
IMGT/3Dstructure-DB was first implemented by Manuel Ruiz (2001) and has been developed since 2001 by Quentin Kaas, since 2006 by François Ehrenmann and Zohra Ouaray, and since 2011 by Caroline Tournier and Patrice Duroux
IMGT/3Dstructure-DB and IMGT/2Dstructure-DB scientific officer:
Marie-Paule Lefranc
Contact: Marie-Paule Lefranc
Editors: Quentin Kaas (2001-2007), François Ehrenmann (2006-2011), Caroline Tournier (2011-2013), Typhaine Paysan-Lafosse (2013-2016), Anjana Kushwaha (2017) and Patrice Duroux